The Greek word pentathlon derived in our language , in pentathlon . This is what the group of five athletics tests They develop together.
In ancient times, the pentathlon was a competition that included javelin throw , discus throw , fight , long jump and race (a 180 meter walk competition known as a stadium). In the first Olympic Games therefore the pentathletes faced in these disciplines .
The five modalities that were part of the ancient pentathlon were considered useful for the development of combat . That is why the training of pentathletes was part of the military service.
The idea from military pentathlon In any case, it refers to a preparation implemented after the Second World War . In this case, it was composed of cross country (equestrian sport), swimming with obstacles , obstacle course , grenade launch and rifle shooting .
According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), currently the pentathlon contemplates javelin throw , discus throw , long jump and evidence of 200 and 1,500 flat meters . Anyway, in the Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games that were carried out in 2016 , the pentathlon consisted of evidence of fencing , swimming , horse riding , race and threw .
The modern pentathlon score implies that each athlete begins to compete with 1,100 points . This score is decreasing according to different types of penalties. The first round is a classification of fencing Then comes swimming, later fencing again and then riding. The last stage is the combined race and shooting test.