It is called overpopulation to excessive number of individuals present in a certain space. The phenomenon causes various imbalances in the environment and can affect habitat conditions.
Regarding the human overpopulation , is linked to a very high population density rate : that is, many live people in a territorial area that is reduced to accommodate so many people. Overpopulation affects the quality of life and generates problems in the environment, putting sustainability or sustainability at risk.
Let's look at a simplified example to understand what overpopulation is. Suppose, in a country that produces and imports food for 1,000 people , they live 3,000 individuals . Overpopulation, in this case, implies that many people will have trouble accessing food. On the other hand, it is probable that the individuals that live in the place generate a quantity of waste superior to the level that the locality can assimilate and process. Over time, in this way, overpopulation causes malnourished citizens and pollution to grow.
To understand what overpopulation is, you have to know that resources of a territory are limited and that can only support or tolerate a certain "Pressure" or "load". An excessive level of population means that resources become insufficient to meet the needs of all people and that the territory is no longer in a position to achieve the renewal of these resources.
There are countries that, to avoid overpopulation, appeal to different policies from birth control , limiting the number of births and preventing people from reproducing freely. Although human beings consider that animals are inferior to us, they know how to control their birth without the help of anyone, without depending on an imposition, while we can reach extremes of unsustainable poverty and pollution and not even be able to make the decision Stop playing.
In case of india It is one of the most resonated worldwide. By 2015 he had the objective of reducing his birth rate, but he did not succeed; only half of its states managed to lower the number of children per mother to two, while in the largest and worst-case states economical , such as Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, women go through an average of four births in their lives.
Seen from another perspective, if India's situation does not improve in terms of overpopulation, by 2030 it will have become the country with the largest number of inhabitants in the world, leaving China in second place , which is always taken as a reference point when talking about this problem. As mentioned in previous paragraphs, overpopulation carries a series of consequences that go beyond mere excess of people, such as pollution and pollution. load excessive for social services.
One of the most controversial measures to combat overpopulation is the sterilization , something that demonstrates our lack of control and social awareness. It is difficult to understand the level of disconnection that so many people have with their planet, the lack of sensitivity and sensibility that leads them to reproduce in an excessive way and that forces the authorities to devise such definitive and unnatural plans as to alter the organism of their population.
He machismo , always reigning, is reflected in the alarming proportion of women and men who have undergone sterilization in India: 37% versus 1% . As if this were not enough, given that the State offers financial incentives to clinics if they perform a certain number of interventions per day, many women are deceived and operated against their will, especially the poor and illiterate.