A sortilege is a divinatory ritual It is carried out through an act of magical characteristics. The etymological origin of the concept, which comes from Latin, refers to the ability to read the luck .
To develop a spell, therefore, a fortune teller is responsible for interpreting certain signs which, supposedly, take place before an event. This means that different practices can be included in the notion of spell, as different types of "Readings" (from the lines of the hand, the letters, the coffee erase, etc.). It is worth mentioning that today the term spell is usually used as a synonym for spell; instead, to refer to divination practices the word is preferred clairvoyance.
Understanding the idea in its widest sense, a person who uses a deck of tarot To guess the future, he is making a spell. It is possible that this subject is presented as a fortune teller and charges the queries that other individuals wish to ask him to know what will happen in one or several areas of his life.
These types of divinatory practices have been developed, with different variants, for thousands of years. In ancient times, in fact, the society He had great respect for those who offered spells, since he relied on his divinatory power. Today, however, divination has no prestige: people, in general, disregard the supposed abilities of those who say they can read signs to anticipate the future.
The change came from the progress of the science and his method. The Illustration and trust in the reason they made society start looking for logical explanations for the link between a signal and an event, or between a cause and its consequence.
In addition to card reading, palmistry and reading coffee grounds, spell also includes readings such as:
* cleromancy: It is a very old type of divination, which made use of beans or dice, which were located on an urn. Once the gods had been implored to lead the lot, these elements were cast to finally read the symbols resulting and forecast the future. It was believed that Mercury (an important god of commerce, according to Roman mythology, but also the messenger of the gods and the chief of the speakers, the travelers and the shepherds) was the one who presided over the cleromancy. For this reason, an olive leaf that bore his name was included in the urn;
* necromancy: it is a type of divination that consists of invoking the spirits of the dead by manipulating their remains or some of his possessions. Through this contact, it is believed that it is possible to know the future. Some of the cultures that practiced the spell with these characteristics were Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Persian, which demonstrates the antiquity of these beliefs. It is worth mentioning that even today, necromancy has its place although, since it is considered illegal, it is not present in society as clearly as in the past;
* aeromancy: in this case, it is through the observation and interpretation of air and the vaporous formations that occur there (such as clouds, although the rays, wind and thunder are also observed) that the act of divination is practiced. Aeromancy was very popular in many primitive villages. During a session, the seer translates seemingly indefinite forms into concrete messages, or uses them to externalize information to which he had unconsciously accessed. This type of mancia It also relies on the position of the planets, which can be favorable or unfavorable.