From Latin soliloquĭum, a soliloquy is a reflection which is done out loud and, often, alone. The concept is associated with monologue and to the parliament of this type that realizes a character of a dramatic work.
The soliloquy is a uninterrupted speech (that is, it does not appeal or allow an interlocutor to participate or respond) that transmits thoughts or emotions. It is a subjective and psychological value statement because it allows access to the interior of the subject in question.
Despite its characteristics, the soliloquy can cover up a dialogue that the person it maintains with itself, with an object or with a being unable to speak (like a plant or an animal). This resource allows the subject to express their feelings even when alone.
One of the most famous soliloquies in history is the one written by William Shakespeare for his work "Hamlet" , where the main character takes a skull and exclaims: "To be or not to be, that is the question".
However, one of the most important soliloquies of Spanish literature must not be overlooked either. We are referring to the one that shapes one of the most significant works of the Valladolid writer Miguel Delibes, winner of prestigious national and international awards such as the Prince of Asturias Award or the Cervantes Prize.
More exactly it is the novel entitled "Five hours with Mario", which was published in 1966 and has been taken to the theater several times, and always with great success. It tells how Carmen Sotillo has just lost her husband, Mario, and next to the already dead body of him performs a review of their life in common.
The soliloquy of this middle-aged and upper-class woman becomes the central core of the work and thanks to that we managed to discover the personalities of both figures, the best and worst moments that had to go through during their marriage or the reproaches that She performs to her husband.
In the same way, it is not necessary to ignore the fact that in the last years the shows that take place in theaters and even on television programs and that revolve around soliloquies have been put in very mode. These are spaces where different actors interpret monologues of very varied typology with which the public manages to feel identified and with which it manages to get excited and laugh in equal parts.
The soliloquy, therefore, is a speech that the person maintains with himself. When pronounced aloud, what would have been an inner monologue becomes another type of expression, very useful for theatrical performances.
In everyday language, the soliloquy has a derogatory load , since it is usually associated with the madness or the lack of will or capacity for interpersonal communication: "After a soliloquy of almost half an hour, the man left the room and stunned the audience".