It is called tomography to one technique which allows to register images of different planes or sections of the body. The technique involves the use of a device called tomograph , which makes it possible to obtain tomograms (the images in question).
The word tomography is the result of the sum of three components that derive from Greek and Latin, such as:
-The noun "volumes", which can be translated as "cut".
-The verb "graphein", which is synonymous with "record."
-The suffix "-ia", which is equivalent to "quality".
There are different procedures linked to tomography. In this way, we can differentiate between ultrasound tomography , MRI scans and tomographs of X-rays , among other.
Biology, medicine, geophysics and archeology are some of the sciences They appeal to tomographs to develop their knowledge. Doctors, to cite a possibility, can order the completion of a CT scan to a patient to analyze certain parts of his body.
In this case, the technique involves the use of X-rays to achieve a series of images. Different sensors are responsible for sending the signals and then the tomogram is formed through the tomographic reconstruction , which implies the use of certain algorithms To achieve the final image.
Tomographs are useful for diagnosing, studying and treating the Cancer , for example. They also allow a study of the blood vessels , make the diagnosis of a infection or serve as a guide for a surgeon .
Yes one person you stumble and, when you fall, hit your head, the doctor is likely to tell you to perform a computed tomography of the skull . Thanks to these images, you can see if there was any brain damage, bleeding or impact injury. With these data, the professional will be able to suggest a treatment.
However, there are many other types of CT scans that exist, among which are the following:
-The abdomen and pelvis. This usually lasts about half an hour and it will be required that the patient who is going to perform the same must previously have what is called contrast. This becomes a kind of dye, which is usually administered through the veins or orally, with which it is pursued to be able to make a more accurate diagnosis of the results of the test itself. You can make the decision to undertake this to be able to detect from appendicitis to cancer through hernias or kidney stones.
-Thorax. In this case, the contrast, in addition to the two ways mentioned, can also be introduced into the patient's body through the anal route through an enema. In your case, it will be done to find lesions, infections, tumor masses, bleeding or inflammations in certain areas of the chest.
-The one of the lumbosacral spine, which is the one that tries to know the real state in which the lower part of the spine and the surrounding tissues are.