He tequila is a alcoholic beverage which is obtained from agave , a plant that is also known as maguey . Tequila It is the name of the town where this distillate originated: it is a municipality Mexican that is part of the state of Jalisco .
For the preparation of tequila, juice is obtained from blue agave and it is fermented. Then the preparation is distilled. It should be noted that tequila is a designation of origin: therefore, so that the beverage can carry this first name , must have been produced in certain Mexican regions and have a minimum of 51% of sugars that come from the agave.
He 100% agave tequila it is the one that, as its denomination indicates, does not contain sugars coming from other plants . If the drink has between 1% and 49% of other sugars, it is simply called tequila.
In technical terms, Agave It is the name of a genus of succulent plants (which can accumulate much more water than the others) that belong to a large family called Agavaceae; Outside the scientific field, these plants receive the aforementioned names (agave and maguey), but also pita, mezcal, fique and cabuya.
According to process which is carried out after distillation, tequila can be White , gold or other type. It can also result restful , old or extra aged according to the maturation time.
It is important to note that tequila is a variety - perhaps the most popular internationally - of mezcal , a traditional alcoholic beverage of Mexico, whose production can take place in nine of its states and is based on distilling the heart of the maguey. Despite this relationship, current tequila does not accurately represent the definition of mezcal, which It is prepared by hand , against absolute industrialization which today is necessary for the development of the first.
The main difference between both drinks is that tequila can only be prepared with Agave tequilana Weber blue variety, while for mezcal it is possible to start from any species of this genus of plants, provided they are within the area with the appropriate denomination. As mentioned above, although there is 100% agave tequila, it is normal to use up to a 49% of chemical products ; Mezcal, meanwhile, always dispenses with these additives and relies exclusively on the plant.
Of course, if we talk about the differences between two drinks, we cannot ignore the flavor , and in this case it is also possible to distinguish them by this aspect: while tequila has a neutral flavor, that of mezcal is slightly smoked and especially strong, with a very characteristic sweet aroma and impossible to ignore.
There is an organization called Tequila Regulatory Council which is dedicated to verify and certify that compliance is met the Official Tequila Standard . Other tasks include the promotion of culture, prestige and quality of the Mexican drink. The meetings of this interprofessional institution began at the end of 1993.
There is a wide variety of cocktails They can be prepared with tequila. One of the most popular is the tequila Sunrise , which can be made with tequila, grenadine and orange juice although there are also others versions .
Because tequila is a symbol of Mexico , is known as "Tequila effect" to the economic crisis that suffered the country North American in 1994 and then spread throughout the world. Given the lack of reserves, the Mexican peso was devalued.
Tequila it is also the name of a rock band and the pseudonym of the model , singer and actress Tila Nguyen (known as Tila Tequila ).