From Latin urbanus, the adjective urban refers to that pertaining or relative to the city. A city is an area with a high population density and whose inhabitants generally do not engage in agricultural activities.
The cities have characteristics such as the predominance of vertical and collective housing (buildings), the little land destined for green spaces and the good infrastructure in transport and communications.
It is possible to talk about urban zone to name that region that has more than 2,000 inhabitants, mostly dedicated to the secondary (industrial) or tertiary (services) sector of the economy . Given the growing urban development, the delimitation of an urban area includes different factors that vary according to the country.
The urban adjective, in short, is linked to what refers to cities. For example: “The teenagers of this city are divided into various urban tribes”, "I don't like the urban, I would rather live in the mountains", “This town has been removed from urban development and does not even have a hospital”.
Urban It is also a proper name that was quite popular in ancient times. Eight potatoes from the Catholic Church They have chosen this name for their papacy: the first one was Urban I (222 -230 ) and the last one, so far, Urban VIII (1623 -1644 ).
It is known as art urban (or street, which is directly related to the English name "street art") to all forms of art that occur on public roads. Usually these are activities outside the law, which often arouse deep controversies and confrontations between their adherents and their detractors. Graffiti may be the first artistic expression associated with the streets, but there are various techniques, such as posters and stickers.
It is a way of expressing oneself that exists decades ago and that has evolved, even reaching the field of computer science: there are applications that allow the creation of street art on a computer, about walls virtual three-dimensional
The templates (also known by the name of stencils) are usually used to convey political ideas and enjoyed particular success in Paris, over the end of the 60s. Its worldwide boom, however, came in the mid-1990s, by artists like Shepard Fairy, from North America, who led a campaign entitled "Obey the giant", expressed through posters and templates, which soon crossed borders and was supported by people from several countries.
One of the objectives of urban art is to take by surprise its viewers, and this is easily achieved, since it can be located in access sites public They are visited by countless people every day. In general, it seeks reflection on various social problems through ironic messages that invite us to fight together for a more just society.
On the other hand, the intention of many street artists is tarnished when they express themselves about private properties, such as the facade of a building, since this constitutes a crime and annoys the owners. Fortunately, since art should not be repressed, there are several public spaces where it is possible to make these works without restrictions, and some of the results are worthy of being applauded.
Street art emerges as a way to release the typical tensions and frustrations of life in the city, to denounce injustices such as discrimination, environmental pollution, abuse of power by certain government figures, and has become an important and necessary part of landscape urban.