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A carol is a song popular short with chorus . It is a musical composition (with its associated poetic form) that was born in the form of a profane song and that gained a lot of popularity when people began to associate it with the Christmas . Gradually, carols began to be sung in temples and churches.

The first carols emerged in the XV century from the modification of older folk songs. The name comes from the people who used to sing that kind of compositions: the inhabitants of the rural villages (villains ).

The carols were sung at popular parties, and the themes they dealt with were not always religious: love situations or local news were narrated, and in some cases they presented a burlesque and satirical content. At century XVI , the church decided to promote the music in vernacular during masses, with the aim of promoting evangelization.

In this way, the carols were associated with the religion , especially to holidays such as Christmas. The main churches had composers and musicians who interpreted the songs at masses or on the streets during the holiday periods.

The structure of a Christmas carol is usually formed by couplets and the chorus , although the number of verses and the alternation between couplets and chorus is very variable.

At present, a Christmas carol is a song whose lyrics are linked to Christmas and, therefore, are usually sung in the month of December. Its origins, its structure or the musical characteristics that represented it are no longer taken into account. Most popular singers, both soloists and bands, they usually release at least one Christmas-themed album throughout their career, which is usually perceived as a desperate measure to regain popularity.

However, if we take the example of the American singer-songwriter Mariah Carey, writer, producer and performer of her first Christmas carol CD, entitled "Merry Christmas"and published in 1994, we see that in some cases there is a genuine desire to make Christmas music. Mariah got that"All I want for Christmas is you", one of the original themes included in the disk, it became a new classic, which is sung in all parts of the world, and which has been relaunched in 2010 as part of its second carol album.

It is interesting to note that not all cultures they give the same space to the carols: there is a clear distinction between those who sing them, leaving aside their inhibitions, and those who just listen to them. In the United States, for example, Christmas is of great importance, and its carols are popular worldwide, thanks to memorable performances by the great names of music.

American culture is largely responsible for the popularity and validity of Christmas carols in recent times: regardless of language differences, songs like "O holy night" and "O Come, All Ye Faithful"They are intoned by people from all over the world in the coming months of Christmas. The most curious thing is that none of these carols is of American origin; however, voices such as those of Barbra Streisand, Frank Sinatra and, much more recently, Mariah Carey, they made these and more themes Undisputed jewels of music.

Some singers lyric, generally associated with operatic and chamber music, also venture to record Christmas records, although in this context we usually talk about sacred music. Including the aforementioned carols and parts such as the best known versions of "Ave Maria", among which Gounod and Schubert's stand out, they bring this music to the most diverse sectors.

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