The concept of plateau arises from the diminutive of table . The term, widely used in the field of geology and the geography , allows reference to the plain that is located at a height specific to sea level. These elevated plains may arise from the tectonic forces action or following the erosion ground.
In relation to these alternatives, it can be said that the forces that are exerted on the horizontality of the terrain find faults that cause the elevation. In the case of erosion, rivers are formed that deepen the place and leave certain isolated areas and higher.
It should be noted that there are underwater plateaus , appeared by the sinking or flooding of plateaus that, in antiquity, were emerging. An example of an underwater plateau is the Seychelles island , which occupy a separate territory from continent For the water.
The highest plateaus are the Tibet Plateau (at more than 4,000 meters of altitude) and the Andean Highlands (more than 3,000 meters high). In relation to the surrounding terrain, the tepuys of the Venezuelan territory, Brazil and Guyana They are the highest plateaus, with vertical walls of more than a kilometer altitude.
In the case of Spain, the most important plateau is the one known as the Central Plateau which is located in the center of the country and which stands out as the oldest unit of relief that exists throughout the Iberian Peninsula. Specifically, we can determine that it extends throughout several autonomous communities such as Castilla la Mancha, Extremadura and Castilla y León.
Likewise, from it we can establish that, as a result of the division that the Central System carries out in it, it is composed of two clearly differentiated areas such as the North Subseseta and the South Submeseta. In the first, the Duero River takes center stage, while in the second, the Guadiana and Tajo rivers do the same.
About 650 meters above sea level is the altitude that manages to reach this Central Plateau that was first named as such in the nineteenth century by the German explorer and geographer Alexander von Humboldt, who is considered the Father of Modern Geography Universal.
Another use of the term plateau refers to the horizontal floor portion When a flight of stairs ends. For example: “I will raise the box to the plateau, there I will take the opportunity to rest for a few minutes, and then continue climbing until I reach the upper floor of the house”.
To all this we should add that it is also known as a plateau to one of the phases of what is the sexual response that is divided into desire, excitement, plateau, orgasm and resolution. In the case of the aforementioned plateau, individuals experience high pulsations, flushing, increased muscle tension and increased excitation.
In the event that during this stage the said excitement disappears that implies a series of annoying consequences such as genital congestion in women and testicular pain in men.
He metaphorical sense of plateau refers to something that was on the rise and that, at a certain moment, stops rising, but does not descend either: "The economy is on a plateau, without major changes".