A Map is a graphic and metric representation of a given territory . The art of mapping maps is known as mapping , while those responsible for this activity are the cartographers , which use different simplification techniques to facilitate the presentation of data.
There are different types of maps, which generally appear on a flat surface. A political map , for example, is the one that shows the detail of the political entities (created by the man ). In this sense, the maps present the boundaries between countries or cities and include roads, railroad tracks and other human constructions.
The physical maps On the other hand, they focus on natural landforms, such as mountains, mountains, plateaus, deserts and rivers. Therefore, they are based on geological phenomena and are limited to showing natural boundaries.
On the other hand, there are maps that combine both political and geological elements, and are called physical-political maps .
There are even maps related to intellectual production or the association of ideas, such as mental maps and the conceptual maps .
As for the economic maps , are those that, with or without political division, reflect the production or economic wealth of each region. Economic maps can show what kind of industries are in the area, oil or gas reserves, the existence of agricultural or livestock farms, etc.
The economic map, in this way, allows us to analyze how distributes the economic production of a country and design policies to encourage the development of the most backward regions.