Dissident is who disides . Dissent, meanwhile, is break away of a doctrine , belief or conduct common . The concept is often used with political connotation to name the person who decides to separate from the community or party of which he was a part. The dissident stops recognizing the legitimacy of the authority to which he had to submit.
One of the most frequent uses of the term appears in the totalitarian regimes to refer to those who exercise opposition to the prevailing political and social system. Dissidents are often persecuted, censored, imprisoned, tortured and even shot by the authorities.
In Cuba , those who oppose the Socialist Revolution and to the regime established in 1959 . It is impossible to make a precise definition of the notion, since the qualification of dissent depends on who makes it. For the Cuban government, dissidents are employees of the INC and of other North American organisms, that receive money to exert the opposition and that represent a danger for the society. On the other extreme, many consider Cuban dissidents as defenders of human rights and freedom of expression.
The philologist, journalist and blogger Yoani Sánchez and the psychologist and journalist Guillermo Fariñas Hernández They are currently some of the best known Cuban dissidents in the world.
The Soviet dissidents , on the other hand, were the opponents of the regime of the Soviet Union . In general, they were citizens who appealed to non-violent media and organized different types of protests, although many were confined to detention centers and deported.
In China, no one is tolerated movement that questions the effectiveness and rectitude of the single party system; Any dissident who manifests himself publicly can pay heavy penalties, including arbitrary detention, imprisonment, psychological and physical torture and harassment. However, it is worth mentioning that it is a country that is struggling to move forward and abandon repression; In recent times, workers' strikes, journalistic investigations of acts of corruption and the invocation of human rights in court are increasingly common.
The consequences of dissent in certain countries are brutal; but, as in any extreme situation caused by the human being and his misunderstanding of the concept of freedom, heroic acts arise from people who dare to face the great monsters, putting their lives at risk to solve problems that affect an entire population, or the entire world.
A concept closely related to political dissent is the right to resistance, which recognizes any people that is subjected to a non-democratic government (of illegitimate origin), or to a democracy that has fallen into extreme corruption, and is to provide the possibility of overthrow and replace it with a legitimate one, using whatever resources are necessary, even using force.
This right to overthrow the tyrants It can be seen in the Old Age, with cases in which it came to cause his death. Plato covered this phenomenon of tyranny and the right of citizens to demand that they be respected, and there were few authors who followed in their footsteps ever since.
Several documents of great importance for humanity have made reference to this right: The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, one of the pillars of the French Revolution, includes it expressly; on the other hand, the Independence of the United States implicitly mentions it when it states that the people have the right to reform a destructive form of government and to institute a new one based on the principles of the pursuit of happiness, freedom and life.