According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), Latin America it is the set formed by countries of the american continent which, in the past, were colonies of the kingdoms of Portugal and Spain . The expression was created from two terms: Iberia (the Iberian Peninsula, mostly occupied by the two European countries already mentioned) and America .
This first meaning mentioned by the RAE therefore alludes to Latin America as the region composed of those countries from America that belonged to Portugal or to Spain . In this frame, Brazil , Argentina , Colombia , Venezuela , Chile , Ecuador , Peru , Paraguay , Bolivia , Uruguay , Cuba , Costa Rica , Guatemala , The Savior , Honduras , Nicaragua , Puerto Rico , Panama , Dominican Republic and Mexico they are the members of Latin America .
However, it is sometimes included in the concept to Portugal already Spain . In this way, Latin America It would consist of the twenty American nations detailed above, plus the two European states.
It is important not to confuse Latin America with Latin America , since this second notion refers to the American countries where Spanish is spoken. Because Brazil It is part of Latin America (belonged to the kingdom of Portugal ) but not of Latin America (Its official language is Portuguese and not Spanish).
Latin America , meanwhile, it is formed with the countries where the majority of the inhabitants speak languages that derive from Latin, such as Spanish, Portuguese or French. Haiti well integrate Latin America (its citizens communicate in French and Haitian Creole) although not Latin America (The nation was a French colony for many years).