The Latin word gregarius He arrived in Spanish as gregarious . East adjective it can be used to qualify the animal whose life develops in a herd , a flock or one colony : that is, in a group .
To the relationship established by these species and this clustering tendency is known as gregariousness . Gregarious animals make an association to work together and thus pursue a common goal. Gregariousness, therefore, is a kind of intraspecific relationship.
The flocks , the swarms and the shoals They are collectives that are formed with gregarious species. When associated, the animal assumes a cost but, in turn, obtains benefits for belonging to the set. By acting gregariously, for example, each individual achieves better protection against predators and gains efficiency in locomotion.
He human being , due to the complexity of the species, it is not totally gregarious or lonely. People have interests and needs, both private and social, that they meet individually and in groups.
Applied to man , the idea of gregarious is often used to qualify the one who trusts and follows proposals and ideas of others in a determined way or that develops alongside other subjects without distinction.
In the field of cycling Finally, the runner whose function in assist who leads the team or to another competitor that has a higher category than yours. The gregarious can be placed in front of the Leader to protect it from the wind or provide drinks and food, to name two possibilities.
The gregarious of cycling It is considered by many "the hero in the shadows", since the performance of the winners depends largely on their work, although it is the latter who take 100 percent of the applause. Returning to one of its main functions, the protection of the leader of the ranks against the friction of the wind is essential to reduce his physical wear - note that this impacts, therefore, directly on the gregarious - but also to keep his speed as high as possible.
There is also the concept of gregarious of luxury , which refers to a runner of great relevance occupies the role of the gregarious. Two outstanding examples of the 80s are Laurent Fignon and Greg LeMond , two winners of the Tour de France who served as gregarious of the also recognized Bernard Hinault . At the same time, the Spanish Pedro Delgado and Miguel Indurain they acted gregariously on each other, even until the early 1990s.
Towards the end of the first decade of this millennium, the acclaimed American cyclist Lance Edward Armstrong had as gregarious to Roberto Heras , Paolo Savoldelli and Yaroslav Popovych , among other important international cycling characters. Finally, one year before reaching the victory in the 100th edition of the Tour from France, the British Christopher Clive Froome it was gregarious of Bradley Wiggins .
It is known by the name of pitcher , on the other hand, to the gregarious who collaborates with the sprint To reach first place. He sprinter It is the track or road cyclist that is characterized by high maximum speeds and much power in short efforts, thanks to which you can point to more satisfactory results in the context of mass or platoon arrivals, calls sprints or springs.
The function of the pitcher is to start the sprint of the most important sprinter of his equipment , which is a great help in the last kilometers of the race. If you maintain speed along a long stretch, it is known as wheeler. It is worth mentioning that in some cases, the pitcher is also a gregarious of luxury.