The concept of hypovolemia it's used in medicine to identify the picture characterized by a significant decrease in the normal amount of blood . Said reduction in blood volume may have its origin in various factors, such as dehydration or hemorrhage .
However, we cannot ignore the fact that there are many other causes that can lead to someone suffering from hypovolemia. Thus, among those are a heat stroke, a peritonitis, burns, marasmus (malnutrition), an adverse reaction or Lassa fever, which is a disease that is transmitted through rats.
He individual who suffers from hypovolemia, stands out for his paleness, suffers from tachycardia and his pulse is weak. The heart, as a result of the blood disorder, is forced to increase its activity, while the blood stops reaching the superficial areas and reaches only the most important organs of the body. The epithelial structure cools (since the temperature drops to decrease the demand for oxygen that drives the blood flow) and breathing becomes faster (in an attempt to provide more oxygen).
In case of hypovolemia, doctors should provide physiological serum to increase blood pressure and normalize the pulse.
It is known as hypovolemic shock , hypovolemic shock or hemorrhagic shock to the syndrome which occurs when the circulating volume of blood is reduced in such a way that the heart is no longer able to pump enough blood to the body .
Wounds, fractures, alterations in blood clotting, peritonitis or gastrointestinal bleeding are some of the causes that can lead to someone having a hypovolemic shock.
With hypovolemic shock, cells do not receive the amount of blood they need to fulfill their functions, which can cause the organs Do not work normally. This syndrome, therefore, requires urgent medical attention.
At the time of stopping the aforementioned shock, the medical professional will resort to various actions and treatments based on the cause, impact or severity of it. But yes, you must act, as we have mentioned above, urgently because the brain and heart endure very little time without receiving the necessary blood supply.
This will mean that if the affected person is not acted very quickly, in less than ten minutes, he will not only enter into a situation of brain death but may also die without any remedy.
Keeping the person warm so that he does not enter a state of hypothermia, placing an intravenous route, administering the necessary medications and increasing his blood pressure are some of the actions necessary to alleviate the aforementioned shock that as we say can have serious and fatal consequences if not It acts conveniently. They also include kidney damage or gangrene of arms and legs that require amputation.
Hypovolemia, therefore, can lead to hypovolemic shock. The human being, however, can suffer a loss of up to 10% in his blood volume without major consequences on blood pressure or cardiac output.