Gardening is the gardener art and craft (the person who cares and cultivates a yard ). Gardening can be developed in open or closed spaces either for aesthetic reasons, for feeding reasons or other reasons.
For example: “I'm going to take a gardening course to plant vegetables in my house”, "Grandpa dedicates several hours a day to gardening", “I must congratulate you: your house is a masterpiece of gardening”.
The concept began to be used at the end of 13th century . The specialists Olivier de Serres and Dézallier d'Argenville they were the first theorists of this art , which involves the cultivation and care of plants, flowers, trees, vegetables, etc.
It is possible to differentiate between gardening and horticulture . The first is developed for personal and family use and enjoyment, and generally aims to beautify a space; horticulture, on the other hand, consists of the production of vegetables for consumption. Some theorists tend to differentiate both concepts such as cultivation for personal purposes (gardening) and for commercialization or profit (horticulture); However, this differentiation is not entirely accurate, and we will explain why.
Gardening is defined as the art of the gardener, this being the individual in charge of caring for a garden. For its part, a land is defined as a garden where plants are grown for ornamental purposes.
On the other hand, if we try to understand the meaning of the word horticulture we will find that it means "cultivation of the gardens"; this being a space where vegetables, vegetables and fruit trees are planted.
Gardening does not require much capital or mechanical means. Although it depends on its extensions, a garden can usually be taken care of with a few instruments, such as a rake, a shovel, a watering can and a wheelbarrow. The case of the farming , which involves the start-up of tractors, the installation of irrigation systems and the use of fertilizers.
The first gardens, created in the Ancient Egypt , had strong social connotations. These gardens symbolized prosperity and success. Over time that idea changed and the gardens began to be more massive, even with the creation of public gardens and open to the public.
Tips to get into gardening
To give the first steps in the world of gardening It is essential to keep in mind a series of tips that will be essential for the success of the work.
1) Understand the operation of plants : At first glance the gardener's art can be simple; However, before starting to develop it, it is essential to learn about how plants live. They have a way of feeding and needs totally different from ours, so being aware of that will ensure success in the task.
2) To each plant its needs : Just as there are no two identical humans, neither are the plants identical. Therefore, we must first know who they are and what their needs are, to know if with the material we have (land, climate, space) we can meet these requirements, and ensure a healthy and happy life for the plant.
3) Determine the characteristics of your garden : Before planting our first seed we must take into account that each plant has its own biological and environmental needs. Therefore, we will have to do an exhaustive analysis of the land we have to know what to plant, when and how. For this we will also have to know the climatic characteristics of the environment, to know what care we should take in this regard in the various seasons of the year.
4) Choose plants according to your garden : Once we know what our soil is like and how we should work it, we will have to choose the species that will make up our garden; they should not be chosen by pretty but according to the space we have and, above all, the light.