Favela It is a term from the Portuguese language that refers to a precarious housing . By extension, the favela is called neighborhood marginal formed by this type of informal constructions.
Depending on the region, the favela can also be called shanty , Misery village (or villa), cantegril , dump or callampa population . In general, the concept specifically refers to the poorest neighborhoods of the cities brazilian .
The favelas, therefore, are precarious settlements that are in Brazil . Those who live in the favelas have no title of property of the land or the house, which they raise without authorization or controls. Because these neighborhoods grow in a disorganized manner and without foresight, their inhabitants suffer from the lack of infrastructure and the lack of essential public services.
The development of the favelas is linked to the poverty . Without chances of accessing decent housing in urban centers that provide greater employment opportunities, many people are forced to settle in such places and raise their homes as they can.
The hundreds of favelas that are distributed in the hills of Rio de Janeiro they constitute one of the postcards best known of this town. The Rocinha and City of Deus They are among the most famous.
Those who live in the favelas not only suffer from poverty and the precariousness of their own living conditions: they are also victims of insecurity . He State Many times it is difficult to control these areas that are usually a refuge for criminals and criminals.
But one of the most serious problems of the favelas, as well as of any other region in which poverty is concentrated in this world, are teenage pregnancies, or even during childhood, of girls who should lead a life according to their age , whether studying or playing, enjoying his youth and the freedom that the adults around him refuse to respect.
The picture of a teenage girl taking her son down the street is very common in the favelas, and the reasons why motherhood comes so early in these areas are several: on the one hand, there are rapes, which can affect girls very small, many of whom risk their lives in childbirth or in abortion ; but there are also teenagers who get pregnant on an apparently voluntary basis, because they have no major expectations in their lives.
Many of the teenage mothers of the favelas have a partner, and in fact raise their children together, taking care of taking them to the pediatrician and to school. But this does not mean that they carry a lifetime normal and comfortable: the majority live in the family's house, together with their parents and grandparents, where from a young age they learned to take care of their siblings and thus the maternal instinct that they wanted to test with their own seeds was awakened in them.
It is important to note that there are some measures that the government takes to reduce the pregnancy rate during adolescence, and there is no better tool to combat this situation than the education . For example, there are groups that are dedicated to organizing awareness campaigns to teach them that there are other opportunities besides motherhood, such as study and goals at the professional level.
People who really approach favelas to help their inhabitants selflessly ensure that the stereotypes that usually represent them from the outside are unfair and incorrect. Poverty does not always lead to criminality, much less should it separate people into groups; if the distribution of opportunities were fair, nobody would be forced to live in situations of so much need