The concept of despotism refers to abuse from power Or the force that an individual or a group exerts against others in inferior conditions. The concept is used to refer to absolute authority, which is not limited by the laws .
Although it is generally understood that this is a concept with negative connotation, it is not necessarily so. In fact, at the historical level, despotism emerged and had a positive meaning for many years. Here are two examples:
*In XVII century The political notion of enlightened despotism emerged, with absolute monarchies who decided to include the philosophical precepts of the illustration . These monarchs tried to enrich the culture of their peoples through paternalistic practices, which is why they are known as benevolent despots.
* During the 18th century this type of government was maintained and that phrase that says "all for the people, but without the people" became popular. At this time, the reigns of Carlos III and José I. were very famous.
At the time of despotism, as a form of monarchical government, other concepts emerged from this were announced: despot or despots (a Byzantine title that was granted in various empires and that gave character and importance to a person; it was similar to the title of "Lord"), bounced (title born from the previous one and that arose from the Fourth Crusade to link certain gentlemen with a certain land; "dismissed from Serbia", for example).
Despotism and dictatorships
At present the term is used more with a negative sense; referring to certain types of governments that remain in power instilling fear in citizens. Those who enjoy a absolute power because there are no opponents or because those who try to rebel are suppressed by force. We are talking about non-democratic government organizations such as dictatorships , which are characterized by working with sum tyranny .
Some examples where this meaning of the term appears are: "The government has to put aside despotism or must face the people in the streets", "The Asian leader once again displayed his despotism by signing a decree that prohibits the exhibition of Western films", "The writer dedicated much of his youth to the fight against despotism".
In colloquial speech the adjective Despot is used to characterize someone who has a certain power and who makes use of it regardless of the rights and needs of those around him. In that sense a despot can be someone who wants something with a lot of ambition and who has no problem in stepping on whatever is necessary in order to achieve it; and takes advantage of their social or economic condition to do so.
For example : A person has a lot of money and wants to acquire some land to build a large mansion. The problem is that these lands have been donated by an organization for the state to build a school for disadvantaged children. He despot He manages to trick the state (buying it with his money), seizes the land and builds his house. Act with despotism because he abuses his economic power to get something, although he must harm others (children, in this case) who cannot do anything to change the situation.
Currently everything related to despotism has a negative charge. That is why it is usually an accusation pronounced by sectors opposed to governments that abuse their stay in power and enact measures in favor of their interests.