Dehumanization is the act and the effect of dehumanizing : stripping of human traits. Dehumanizing is a word that has its etymological origin in Latin. And it is the result of several components of this language clearly delimited:
-The prefix “des-”, which indicates the investment of the action.
-The word "humanus", which means "belonging to the earth."
-The verb "izare", which can be translated as "convert into".
The concept is often used in the field of social Sciences to refer to the process that deprives a human being of those characteristics that identify the species.
Many times dehumanization is linked to loss of ethical values and sensitivity . A person becomes dehumanized, for example, when he becomes indifferent to the pain of the other. It can be said that the attitude of the one who walks by the side of a dying person and does not stop to help him is the result of his dehumanization.
Beyond individual cases, dehumanization is usually considered as a Social issue . It can be said in a broad sense that modern societies are no longer moved or outraged by tragedies that before did generate an impact. Therefore, people became dehumanized: they do not feel empathy or compassion as in the past.
Leaving a child, moving away from grandparents, not worrying about neighbors and not exercising solidarity are other reflections of dehumanization that show how many people, for various reasons, have distanced themselves from the essence of the human condition, or of what was considered to characterize our species .
Specifically, we can establish that there are several causes for today's society to be marked by a clear dehumanization, among which are:
-Sociological factors, such as the plurality of ethical systems, the impoverishment of interpersonal relationships, the demands of sacrifice or the satisfaction of one's interests.
-Individual factors, such as false expectations, selfishness and self-centeredness, the need to be the best in everything, insane competitiveness ...
Dehumanization can also be understood as a consequence of the alienation that causes the technology . Decades ago, the human being left life in community and began to isolate himself more and more, replacing interpersonal relationships with virtual links. The constant use of machines at work also sometimes causes the individual not to use his creativity, but to act as a simple gear within a system.
In the same way, we also talk about the dehumanization of art that was a concept created in the first half of the 20th century. Specifically, it was the philosopher Ortega y Gasset who made it known through his 1925 work entitled "The dehumanization of art."
Specifically, with that term what came to expose is that after the First World War different “isms” had emerged both in art and in literature where a lack of humanity was evident. That is to say, he considered that the “human ingredients” had disappeared in them while there was surrealism, hermeticism and inconsequence in them, as well as a clear desire to innovate and antirromanticism.