The concept of cynicism It comes from the Latin cynismus Although it has Greek origin. The term allows reference to the impudence , the cheeky obscenity and the lack of shame when lying or defending actions that are condemnable. For example: "The president's cynicism is disgusting: he says he fights for the poor and allows 100,000 layoffs to take place", "The minister is famous for his cynicism: before a hidden camera that showed him accepting a bribe, he said he did it for the good of the country".
Starting from that meaning we have to underline that in many occasions the term cynicism is used as a synonym for hypocrisy. Hence, we meet almost daily politicians who use that to refer to the attitude of their rivals to any specific situation that is current at that time.
The notion of cynicism was also used to name the doctrine of the cynical school , formed by disciples of Socrates in the middle of 4th century BC . The denomination emerged as a derogatory qualifier for his way of life, since cynics despised wealth and material goods.
Antisthenes and Diogenes of Sinope they were some of the main philosophers of this school who considered civilization to be a bad thing for the man , who should live in a friendly way with nature.
However, they are not the only men of the Cynic School who have gone down in history as representatives of it. Among them we should also highlight Diogenes Laercio. This was a Greek philosopher who stands out for his extensive bibliography in which, as it could not be otherwise, the works he did on the current mentioned stand out.
In that case, he developed the work entitled "Cynical School." In it he reviews the figures of those who, for him, are the highest representatives of it. Hence, in this book, collect the biographies, anecdotes or part of the works of thinkers such as Metrocles, Menipo, Crates or Hiparquía, as well as the other two philosophers cited in the previous lines.
Cynicism pointed out that the wisdom and freedom of the spirit are the paths to happiness, while material things are despicable. Cynics even avoided the pleasure of not becoming their slaves. The dogs They were a model for cynics as they admired their simplicity.
Over time, the concept of cynicism was mutating and today it is associated with the tendency of not believing the goodness and sincerity of the human being. The cynical attitude is linked to sarcasm , the irony and the derision .
In addition to all this, we cannot ignore the fact that there is a web page on the Web that is entitled Illustrated Cinismo. A great follow-up worldwide has one in which Internet users have the possibility to enjoy a series of illustrations that analyze various situations worldwide. The artist Eduardo Salles is responsible for those.