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The Greek term apophryphos it derived in a Latin word that, in turn, arrived in Spanish as apocryphal . The first meaning that mentions the dictionary developed by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) refers to an adjective that qualifies the simulated, the nonexistent or the pretended .

For example: "An apocryphal nobleman appeared in the newspaper's office denouncing that he had been scammed by the mayor", “In the village they have a habit of worshiping an apocryphal saint”, "The young man tried to enter the country with an apocryphal document, but was arrested by the police".

The most common use of apocryphal is linked to the authenticity of a work regarding your authorship . For several reasons, a creation is often incorrectly attributed to a certain person. In those cases, it is said that the work is apocryphal.

Suppose that a public letter supposedly written by an actor begins to circulate on social networks, whose text presents strong criticisms of government shift. The actor in question, taking knowledge of the letter attributed to him, denies his authorship. The letter, therefore, is apocryphal.

There are even famous phrases that are apocryphal since they are wrongly attributed . A example is "Bark, Sancho: signal we ride", expression that is usually believed was pronounced by Don Quijote of La Mancha in the famous work of Miguel de Cervantes , although it does not appear in the book.

Although this appointment has not been correctly attributed, since it does not belong to Don Quijote of La Mancha, his story is very interesting and far from a mere mistake. Some specialists believe that it may derive from a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, published in 1808, in which three of his verses say "They bark loudly ... / But their raucous barks / They are only a sign that we ride". Regarding the name "Sancho", it seems that Rubén Darío added it many decades later, when he appropriated these verses to create the expression that eventually became an apocryphal date.

The meaning of this expression is that critics of detractors often show us that we are on the right track. In this particular case, we can note that the apocryphal term does not always have a "dangerous" connotation; While literature scholars and authors involved in the confusion may not be happy, it is a error that does not pretend to harm anyone, and that has a very simple solution: read the story in question to discover that the appointment is not correct.

In the field of religion Finally, it is described as apocryphal to that is not accepted in the canons . exist apocryphal gospels that are not part of the doctrine of the Catholic Church .

Another name by which the apocryphal gospels are known is extracanonical gospels. This is a series of texts that emerged during the beginning of Christianity to describe Jesus of Nazareth, which are not included in the canon of the Tanach or of any Bible used by the different congregations of Christians. One of the most outstanding manuscripts of this group are those of Nag Hammadi.

Despite having been called gospels, these apocryphal writings have a style and content clearly different from those we can find in the texts canonical While the latter do not rely on ornaments for their apostolic preaching, the former are characterized by the abundance of extravagant and exaggerated situations, typical of fantasy, and the teachings they present are not equivalent to those of the official Bible.

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