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Narration , from Latin narratio, is a term that has three great uses. First, it is about the action and effect of narrating (count or refer a history , either true or fictitious).

A narrative is, on the other hand, a story or a novel : "The last narration of the acclaimed Canadian author takes place in the seventeenth century", "The jury highlighted the dynamic and agile character of the narrative that won the most important prize in the contest".

In the rhetoricFinally, the narrative is one of the three parts in which the discourse can be divided. The rhetorical narrative refers facts to clarify a particular issue and to enable the achievement of the speaker's ends.

At a general level, it can be said that a narrative always presents at least one actor (character ) that experiences a particular event. It is worth mentioning that it is not essential that said character be the storyteller himself.

Short stories, like the story, share a plot structure that includes a introduction (where the topic to be discussed is presented), a knot (at which time the main conflict is exhibited) and a outcome (the resolution of the conflict).

The narrator is responsible for deciding order and rhythm of the narration You can appeal, therefore, to anachronism (also known as anachronism), a modification of the order of the facts in the weather. This resource, which allows altering the structure of a story according to the will of the person who tells it, can be given through:

* analepsis: consists of the narration of facts past, are prior to the point where the story is or prior to the beginning of it. It is worth mentioning that the duration of this time jump may be small (flashback) or considerable (racconto);

* prolepsis: anticipate future events, also with variable duration and depth, distinguishing between a brief jump (known as flashforward) and an extensive narration and more detailed (call premonition).

It is important to clarify that in both cases you must return to the main timeline, since both analepsis and prolepsis are resources that the narrator chooses for a better or more adequate exposure of the acts that make up the story, and not to alter its course. The excessive use of this tool of the narrative can result in confusing the reader, getting him to lose interest in the work, because he does not feel able to follow or understand it.

Two of the genders most popular within the narrative are The story and the novel. They resemble that both use the narrative To shape a story. And they differ basically in the effect that each one wants to cause on the reader.

One of the fundamental elements of the novel is time, which allows the author to expand comfortably, with great detail. On the contrary, when writing a story, it is essential to make efficient use of the time available, to achieve a work concise, but that in turn offers a rich and satisfying experience to the reader.

In a story, the narrative is intense and causes sensations snapshots and abrupt, which end when the reader concludes the reading. The novel gives rise to a more intimate relationship between who writes and who reads; It offers a more stable experience and demands more fidelity on the part of the reader, with whom he creates a permanent bond, accompanying him and generating changes in his life over time, mixing his reality with fiction in an intense and, often, revealing way. .

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