The etymological origin of the word nationalism that we are now going to analyze we have to say is in Latin. Specifically, it is formed by two distinct parts such as nasci which means "to be born" and the suffix -ism which is equivalent to "system, theory, doctrine or tendency".
According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) , the term nationalism It has three different meanings. On the one hand, it is defined as the affection and sense of belonging of the natives of a certain nation Regarding her. To give some examples: "In many countries, nationalism is only seen after a sporting success", “Wars are tragedies that serve to awaken the sleeping nationalism of the population”.
Nationalism, on the other hand, is defined as that ideology or line of thought which attributes a differentiated and unique character or value to a specific territory and to the citizens that inhabit it. This tendency of thought usually develops as opposition to other regions: “The most extreme Basque nationalism hit Spanish society again”, "I aspire to live in a democratic state, where all nationalisms are heard".
The aspiration of a village To obtain a certain level of independence from external conditions is also defined as nationalism: “I want a political program that defends nationalism and maintains state ownership of our most important companies”.
In this sense we can expose that right now in Spain, what is known as Catalan nationalism is being lived with intensity because there has been a demonstration where a part of the population of this autonomous community has taken to the streets as a sign that they want The independence of that country.
In addition to all this we can expose that there are various types of nationalism among which, for example, the so-called integrative nationalism stands out, which is one that is based on the intention that populations from different states but share many characteristics are unified.
In total opposition to the former is the disintegrating nationalism that is defined because it bets strongly on the secession of a part of a State because it is considered that the population of that State has identity signs that differ from those of the rest of the said country.
These are the two most important kinds of nationalism, however, we cannot forget that there are others that take various aspects of society as a central axis to be founded and raised. Thus, we find, for example, the economic, cultural or ethnic nationalism that Hitler carried out, and the religious one.
It should also be noted that multiple political movements can be based on nationalism. The fascist regime of Benito Mussolini and the Nazism of Adolf Hitler they proclaimed themselves nationalists and, under that flag, attacked other countries. These historical cases also show that the concept of nationalism changes with history: Hitler associated his idea of Germany to the Aryan race and excluded from the nation other social groups born in German territory. This means that, for the nationalism of Hitler , a Jew born in Berlin It did not belong to the German nation. For other people, however, nationalism is closely associated with the place of birth.