Immigration is the action and effect of immigrating . This term refers to the person who reaches another country to reside in it, usually for economic, political or academic reasons. In other words, among the objectives most commonly pursued by those who leave their country to settle in a foreign country are the intention of getting a better job, of escaping persecution in their homeland or of studying at a school or university of prestige.
The complementary concept of immigration is emigration ; both can be applied to the same situation, although with different perspective. When a subject is an immigrant, he must necessarily have been an immigrant in the first place. For example, yes Richard leave the U.S to settle in Chile , is an emigrant from U.S and an immigrant in Chile .
The migratory processes They have existed throughout much of human history. It should be noted that they are usually especially numerous in countries that are going through moments of crisis , since an important portion of its inhabitants seeks to move to another country in search of a better quality of life. At present, the globalization It is a social phenomenon that facilitates immigration, thanks to the development of means of transport and the liberalization of borders.
Immigration, however, is often criticized by certain social sectors of the host country. There are those who find immigrants responsible for economic problems and social, although statistics show that these people contribute, with their work and contributions, more resources than they consume. This does not prevent, however, that many immigrants suffer the discrimination .
The contempt for immigrants represents a very serious problem and that usually goes unnoticed, since in many countries it is part of the inheritance cultural that survives generation to generation. It is a very particular and selective phenomenon: a goalkeeper does not receive the same degree of discrimination as a doctor, although both come from the same foreign country. This does not mean, on the other hand, that arrived The moment of the truth the second is considered as a pair of any individual from their new land, regardless of social class or intellectual level.
Needless to say, this does not always happen, but occurs in people with deep cultural poverty, without the necessary tools to analyze reality for themselves and draw their own conclusions. However, when talking about contempt, it is always interesting to observe people's reactions seemingly tolerant in moments of go to; It is during an attack of rage that human beings let out those ideas that we try to hide in the back of our mind.
Regardless of how genuine we think our feelings are, we constantly fight against ideas that are rooted in the depths of our being; our roots are usually full of principles that we disagree with, but that continue with us for the rest of our lives, like a pair of old shoes that we dare not throw away, but that we would not use in any way. In that dark corner is the hatred we claim not to feel and, in the midst of a strong argument, it can be externalized and cause a deep disappointment and irreparable damage to someone who trusts us.
On the other hand, immigration has been responsible for the enrichment of various nations along the history. Today, this phenomenon extends to the whole world, thanks to advances in communication, which allow us to learn from the experiences of the brave individuals who leave behind their country, their customs, their friends and family to start from new.