A syndrome It is characterized by grouping diverse symptom that characterize a certain disease or describes the group of own phenomena of a specific situation.
At the medical level, a syndrome is understood as a clinical picture That deserves to be examined for having a certain meaning. Thanks to its peculiarities, which work as semiological data , has a certain identity, with particular causes and etiologies.
As an example, we can cite the Down's Syndrome , a congenital type defect that is caused by the appearance of an exact repetition of all or part of the chromosome 21 in the organism Those affected by this disorder, also referred to as trisomy 21 experience Mental retardation , are prone to suffer cardiological problems and have certain facial features.
He Asperger syndrome On the other hand, it is a generalized disorder that affects development. The individuals affected by this syndrome suffer interpersonal intelligence failures (empathy ), so they are not able to identify the emotional states of others.
Nor can we ignore the well-known Tourette Syndrome. This is named after the doctor who first diagnosed him in 1885, Georges Gilles de la Tourette. Specifically, it is established that this is a disorder of neurological type, of hereditary nature, which is characterized in that the sufferer has the emission of tics and also a series of involuntary and repetitive movements.
In the same way we also find Guillain-Barré Syndrome. This affects what is the peripheral nervous system that is attacked by the person's immune system. There is a lot of ignorance about why some individuals suffer from this disorder and not others. However, what is perfectly defined is that the sufferer sees a marked reduction in his ability to experience sensations and suffers from muscle weakness. No type of cure is the one that has been discovered so far of this disorder that does have various treatments to reduce or slow the disease.
To all these types of disorders should also be added Rett Syndrome that is neurological class and genetic basis. The female gender is mostly who can be affected by the one who always manifests before age 4 and that translates into a significant disability by the sufferer. Specifically, it manifests itself in mental retardation, loss of different abilities and delay in language acquisition.
He abstinence syndrome Likewise, it is recognized from symptoms manifested as a result of the sudden decrease or suspension of the daily intake of the substance on which dependence is experienced. It is usual, for example, in drug addicts who decide to stop consumption.
Finally, we can highlight the Stockholm syndrome , which occurs when a kidnapped person ends up understanding the reasons of their captors and establishes an emotional bond with them. It receives its name for a fact happened in the Swedish capital in 1973 ; in a bank robbery Kreditbanken , criminals hold employees hostage for six days. When the captors surrender, the cameras warn that one of the victims kissed their captor. Later, at trial, the kidnapped defended the criminals.