The word accident It has its origin in the Latin term accidens. The concept refers to something that happens or arises unexpectedly , since it is not part of what natural or the essentials of the thing in question.
The most frequent use of the term is linked to the event that occurs without intention and that causes damage to a living being or thing. For example: "Two people died in a traffic accident on Route 8", "The young woman remains hospitalized after falling from the balcony by accident", "I cut myself by accident while preparing food".
Accidents can happen for various reasons and have very different consequences. While the accident of an airplane can cause the death of hundreds of people, a plastic cup that falls by accident will not cause major inconveniences.
It is possible to classify accidents in different ways according to where they occur. This way you can talk about the home accidents (like a burn with oil in the kitchen), the accidents of transit (two cars that collide in the street) or work accidents (a construction worker who stumbles and falls off a scaffold). This last meaning It gives rise to a lot of controversy in the business field, since hiring in black means the absence of work risk insurance. Thanks to the misinformation, the best friend of the exploiters, millions of employees do not know what is considered an accident at work that takes place both while they are in their position and during the trip to the office and back home.
It is common in some regions to confuse the term with incident, but there are clear differences between them. We can think of an incident as a fact that "cuts" reality and alters the course of things. An unexpected event, yes, but that does not represent a misfortune or the destruction of something, but possibly causes a change of decisions.
A Geographic accident On the other hand, it is an elevation, a depression or other type of irregularity that can be noticed in a field. Some examples are cliffs, gulfs, mountains, valleys and blue holes.
Accidents also appear in the grammar and in the music. In the first case, they indicate modifications of words according to time, gender or number, allowing coherence in sentences. The Castilian words that are affected by these changes are adjectives, nouns, verbs, pronouns and articles. These alterations can affect its structure, its mode or even its meaning.
In music, on the other hand, accidents enrich a melody because they allow different tones to be combined through momentary alterations. To give a didactic example, if we are composing a piece in greater DO for piano, in principle we can only play the white keys, which correspond to the sounds allowed within the scale mentioned. However, one of the shades related to DO is SOL major, which contains one of the black keys (the sustained fa). So, if we wanted part of the work to go through a major SOL for a moment, every time we wrote a fa in that section, we should clarify that it is sustained. This, in view of a musician, is an accident.
In our language, the noun in question also has a very derogatory and dangerous use for the psychology of a person: children who are conceived by accident. Given the high rate of unexpected pregnancies, especially in teenagers, millions of people carry this terrible label of unwanted child on their foreheads.
But all the nuances that this word gives to sentences are not necessarily negative or tragic. It is said, for example, that someone he heard something by accident meaning that he did it involuntarily. While the information you accessed may be a terrible thing for that person, it could also be plans for a surprise party or a marriage proposal. It will be up to everyone to judge these last two news and decide whether or not they have a cheerful or disgraceful character.