A disaster It is an unfortunate, unfortunate or tragic event. natural , for its part, is that linked to nature.
The idea of natural disaster , therefore, refers to a unfortunate or fatal event which is produced by the action of forces of nature without the human being Be your direct responsible. For example: "This country has suffered major natural disasters throughout its history", "A natural disaster caused more than a thousand deaths in the African continent", "There are natural disasters that can be prevented with infrastructure works".
A earthquake , a avalanche , a tsunami , a flood and a hurricane These are some of the natural disasters that can generate enormous damage and cause the loss of thousands or millions of lives. Specifically, these are natural phenomena that can lead to the development of a disaster.
Therefore, it is often said that there are no natural disasters, but natural cause phenomena which, when governments do not take the necessary prevention and response measures, generate disasters . Take the case of a tsunami . At present there is the necessary technology to anticipate its emergence. National authorities, in this context, must constantly analyze the variables that can anticipate a tsunami to be able to issue alerts and evacuate the affected areas. They also have to strengthen water containment and build evacuation centers. In this way, it can be achieved that the natural phenomenon does not become a natural disaster, or at least minimize its impact.
There are phenomena that cannot be predicted, such as earthquakes . What can be done is to avoid large settlements in high areas risk , strengthen constructions and develop contingency plans to respond to an eventual natural disaster.
The education The population is the key to solving almost all the problems that a country can face throughout its history. It is thanks to the simple transmission of all the knowledge that our species has been collecting since its origins that we can continue advancing, building better cities, making better political decisions, discovering new cures for the most terrible diseases and dealing more effectively with the phenomena natural so that they do not always become natural disasters.
Although earthquakes and tsunamis are not common in all countries, to name just two such phenomena, living far from them does not mean being completely safe. In fact, tourist destinations are usually found in regions with these and others dangers . For this reason it is necessary to learn to act correctly in the event of a natural disaster, and also to inform yourself before taking a trip to know the addresses of the health and emergency assistance centers, among other offices of interest in these cases.
Earthquakes can be very destructive, but there are certain measurements that can help us deal with them:
* Identify the safest places in our home and the buildings we visit frequently, such as the school and the office. The most recommended are the door frames and solid wood furniture;
* have near such places a first aid kit First aid, drinking water and cans of non-perishable food, as well as tools that help us to mobilize, such as flashlights, remembering to include at least one spare battery.
In case of a tsunami, another of the most frightening natural disasters, only the second of the councils is useful, since the wave usually destroys all buildings in its path, so it is advisable to get away from the coast as soon as possible.