The concept of anxiety It has its origin in the Latin term anxious. It is about the condition of a person experiencing a commotion, restlessness, nervousness or worry . For medicine, anxiety is the distressing state that can appear next to a neurosis or other type of disease and that does not allow relaxation and rest of the patient.
For example: "I feel great anxiety for tonight's recital", "Try to control your anxiety, that in that state of nervousness things can go wrong", "Great anxiety for the semifinal match".
It should be noted that anxiety It is not always a pathology but it is a common emotion Like fear or happiness. Anxiety, in this sense, is necessary to survive certain risks because it puts the person on alert.
When an individual is in a state of anxiety, their powers of perception increase as there is a need for the body to increase the level of certain elements that, under the situation, are below normal.
He dopaminergic system It is the one that is responsible for giving alerts to the body of what it needs, releasing signals to the central nervous system. It does when we are hungry, thirsty or sleepy, and it leads us to seek all means to satisfy that need. Likewise, he is responsible for releasing adrenaline when we face situations that we face. It is a chain consisting of: 1) Yellow alert, 2) Red alert and 3) achievement of the objective; When the chain is broken, a situation of anxiety or atypical stress occurs that can lead to the resolution of the danger or succumb to fear. That is to say that when this innate faculty of the individual becomes pathological , a anxiety disorder .
According to World Health Organization (WHO) These disorders include panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and phobias. To overcome anxiety disorders, professionals can provide anxiolytic remedies or suggest psychological therapies.
Anxiety as a disorder
The responses generated by anxiety in a person are: run away or fight . In ancient times these mechanisms arose when faced with the difficulties that life in nature presented to them; Although these problems no longer exist, new ones have emerged that generate stress and anxiety in people. The danger is sometimes real, but other times it is found conditioned by experiences that each individual has had to face previously; the latter occurs, for example, in anxiety disorders. Fear works as a defense mechanism, but if the response to which it leads is harmful to the individual, it is essential to dare to face it.
When fear comes to generate paralysis in the individual's actions, it is called phobia , is a sudden reaction where the subject loses control of the situation, in those situations the person tries to escape the conflict. Some phobias can be: acrophobias, claustrophobia or agarophobia .
A person who suffers from a phobia, witnesses the appearance of the disease when faced with that feared situation and is usually instigates the subject to escape (anxiety symptoms and avoidance behaviors). In obsessive compulsive disorders the appearance of it is perceived when the individual fight to impose itself in front of its impulses obsessive; generally the reaction is also to flee the conflict (self-injuring or taking an attitude harmful to oneself or the environment). Another circumstance in which this dreaded reaction occurs, is next to the disorders by separation anguish , when they have lived the separation of the paternal figures and the subsequent instability.
According to studies carried out by psychiatrists, a certain degree of anxiety is good, it collaborates positively in the character formation , allows us to expand knowledge and reinforce creativity, since the experiences that have marked us allow us to have a notion of what we should protect ourselves from and discern what things cannot harm us.
There are many ways to treat anxiety , some specialists are inclined to reduce it to the fear of the future, to the possibilities that we do not know that may occur, the "and if ...?", and ensure that the way to solve it is by achieving a recoding these thoughts that help the individual live only the present. Anxiety exists because people live in the future and forget about the present that is the only real thing and at the moment when the patient manages to return to its existence, the anxiety disappears.