From Latin conservative, the conservation is the action and effect of conserving (keep, take care or save something, continue a practice of customs). The term has applications in the field of nature , the feeding and the biology , among others.
The environmental Conservation or species conservation , for example, refers to the protection of animals, plants and the planet in general. This conservation aims to guarantee the subsistence of human beings, fauna and flora, avoiding pollution and depredation of resources.
The creation of protected areas (such as natural reserves or national parks) is one of the most frequent policies for environmental conservation. In these spaces, human activity is restricted. In addition to governments, there are numerous organizations that work for the natural conservation , as Greenpeace or WWF .
He state of conservation It is the indicator that reflects the probability that a species has of continuing to exist in the short or long term. It is based on the characteristics of the current population and the trends exhibited over time.
However, we cannot ignore the fact that the term that occupies us within what art is is also fundamental. Specifically, that is used to refer to the task in which experts carry out the maintenance of all types of works and are responsible for performing the necessary restoration tasks.
So that in the future the coming generations can fully enjoy sculptures or paintings, for example, it is the fundamental objective of carrying out what are the conservation and restoration works that operate, therefore, with everything It is the cultural heritage of a country.
To achieve this purpose, the professionals of the sector undertake the analysis of the works of art, the pertinent documentation on them, the care of all of them and the collections to which they belong as well as the relevant treatment deemed appropriate to correct cracking or to remove accumulated dirt, among other functions.
In this sense, we could establish that there are three types of conservation within this area:
• The preventive one, which, as its name indicates, is the one in charge of undertaking certain actions to avoid in this way that the work in question could suffer subsequent damage.
• The curative, which is the one that is developed to stop the damages that an artistic work is suffering and also to reinforce it.
• The restoration, which is intended to allow any work to be appreciated and understood in a much better way.
The food preservation On the other hand, it consists of various techniques to prolong the life and availability of the food For humans or animals. Dehydration, pasteurization, salt addition, smoking and freezing are some of the most frequent procedures.
It is known as canned food to the result of a process of manipulation of foods that allows to preserve them in good conditions during a prolonged period. Thanks to this process, the action of microorganisms that can alter the sanitary conditions of the food is avoided.