Protectorate it is the function and work that develops a protective . A protector, meanwhile, is a person whose obligation is to take care of the interests of a society. In the broadest sense of the term, protector is the one who protects.
The notion of protectorate, however, is usually associated with a territory whose administration depends on a State which has not been able to fully incorporate it into its national structure. Thus, in a protectorate authorities of this State coexist with others that are typical of the region in question.
The protectorate can arise from a agreement between two or more states or the agreement between a State and a lower-level political entity, which lacks the necessary institutions to exercise sovereignty . Typically, the protection of the State exercising the protectorate in matters such as defense, security and external links is accepted.
In practice, the protectorate usually implies that a strong state provides protection to a weaker one or a smaller entity, acting in the territory of the protected. In exchange for providing such assistance, the State exercising the protectorate receives different benefits.
Typically, the protected region retains certain autonomy , being able to make certain decisions beyond the presence of the protective State. A protectorate, however, usually involves a domain of the powerful over the weak.
One of the best known protectorates in history was the so-called Spanish Protectorate of Morocco, which was in force from 1913 to 1956 approximately. As its name suggests, it was a Moroccan territory in which the Spanish government exercised a protectorate regime.
Specifically, that territory framed under the aforementioned legal figure was divided into two zones:
-The north, which had a border with the international area of Tangier and with the cities of Ceuta and Melilla.
-The south, which was in the province of Tarfaya.
Almost 21,000 square meters made up this territory, which had Tetuan as its capital, which met an administrative organization composed of a Moroccan government, a delegation of indigenous affairs and the so-called High Commissioner. The latter body had figures such as the High Commissioner, the auditors, the Indigenous Police and the Regulars.
In this protectorate, both Spanish and Arabic were official languages, the prevailing religions were Islam and Catholicism, the official currency was the peseta ...
An example of a protectorate was the British Protectorate of Central Africa that was valid between 1891 and 1907 in what today is Malawi . There, a British commissioner was in charge of exercising the administration and to control the security forces.
That protectorate had English as its official language and its system of government was a constitutional monarchy. To all this we must add that the capital was Zomba and that the currency used was the Rhodesian pound.
Currently there is also what is known as Protectorate of Foundations. Within the scope of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports of Spain, mention is made of that, which is the body that is responsible for ensuring the proper operation of foundations, its constitution and even that they respect all established laws.