Pile It is a concept that comes from pilot, a word of ancient French. The term refers to a elongated element that sticks in a surface in order to achieve the foundation consolidation of a work.
The piles can be manufactured with reinforced concrete or concrete , iron , wood or other materials. They are similar to stakes and are used for the transfer of loads to a resistant area .
When this stratum is too deep, it is not possible to resort to a foundation through slabs or other more frequent resources. In that framework, a pile is appealed: column it descends vertically through the ground until it reaches the site of greatest resistance and then the element that is responsible for the transmission of the loads is supported on it.
The first piles were of wood and they were used in flooded regions or with very high water table. For the foundation, logs were used as piles.
At present, the driven piles , which are based on the introduction of prefabricated pieces in the ground. Also called are frequent piles in situ : in this case, the I usually , an assembly is installed inside and then filled with concrete.
The piles, in short, help find a firm stratum to cement (that is, to lay the foundations of a construction). The charges In this way, they cross the most inconsistent strata and are transmitted to a deep area that, due to its characteristics, is suitable for supporting them.